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AUGUSTE RODIN
Biography

http://www.biography.com/people/auguste-rodin-9461735
Auguste Rodin (1840–1917)
French sculptor Auguste Rodin is known for creating several iconic works, including "The Age of Bronze," "The Thinker," "The Kiss" and "The Burghers of Calais."

“Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely.” — Auguste Rodin

Synopsis
Auguste Rodin, born in Paris on November 12, 1840, was a famous sculptor known for creating "The Age of Bronze," "The Gates of Hell" and "The Burghers of Calais," among several other works. Unlike many famous artists, Rodin didn't establish his distinct artistic style or a credible list of works until he was in his 40s. Despite becoming a talented artist by his late teens, several years without validation or encouragement caused Rodin enter a different career. He worked as a decorative bricklayer for nearly two decades, from the late 1850s to late 1870s, when a trip to Italy provided inspiration. Soon after returning to Paris, he sculpted his first piece, "The Vanquished" (renamed "The Age of Bronze"), which was exhibited in 1878. Among Rodin's most famous works is "The Gates of Hell," a monument of various sculpted figures, including "The Thinker" (1880) and "The Kiss" (1886). Rodin didn't live to finish the intricate piece; he died on November 17, 1917, in Meudon, France.

Early Life
World-renowned sculptor Auguste Rodin was born François-Auguste-René Rodin on November 12, 1840, in Paris, France, to father Jean-Baptiste Rodin and mother Marie Cheffer. He had one sibling, a sister two years his senior, Maria.

Due to poor vision, Rodin was greatly distressed at a young age. Attending the Petite École, he was unable to see figures drawn on the blackboard and, subsequently, struggled to follow complicated lessons written on the blackboard, usually in his math and science courses. Unaware of his imperfect eyesight, a dejected Rodin found comfort in drawing pictures—an activity that allowed Rodin to see his progress as he practiced, as well as clearly see the drawing paper in front of him (he was nearsighted). Soon, Rodin was drawing frequently, wherever he could, and whatever he saw or imagined.

By age 13, Rodin had developed obvious skills as an artist, and soon began taking formal art courses. While completing his studies, however, the aspiring young artist began to doubt himself, receiving little validation or encouragement from his instructors and fellow students. Four years later, at age 17, Rodin applied to attend the École des Beaux-Arts, a prestigious art school in Paris. He was gravely disappointed when the school denied him admission, and deeply saddened when his application was rejected twice thereafter.

Dejected and desperate to earn a living, in the late 1850s, Rodin began working as a decorative bricklayer.

Famous Sculptures
After working as a bricklayer for nearly two decades, in the late 1870s, Rodin made a bold decision to embark once again on an artistic career. A fateful trip to Italy had stirred Rodin's inner-artist, enlightening him to new kinds of art and career possibilities; he returned to Paris inspired to design and create, specifically to sculpt.

Rodin soon completed his first piece, "The Vanquished" (later renamed "The Age of Bronze"), a sculpture of a nude man clenching his both of his fists, with his right hand hanging over his head. A depiction of suffering amidst hope for the future, the work was first exhibited in 1878, when Rodin was in his late 30s. While "The Age of Bronze" earned Rodin some recognition as a sculptor, he remained a relative unknown until a few years later, in the early 1880s—when Rodin, in his early 40s, first established both his distinct artistic style and a credible list of works.

Rodin went on to create several other famous works, including "The Burghers of Calais," a public monument made of bronze portraying a moment during the Hundred Years' War between France and England, in 1347. The piece, which includes six human statues, depicts a war account that Rodin had researched, during which six French citizens from the town of Calais were ordered by King Edward III of England to abandon Calais and surrender themselves—barefoot and bareheaded, wearing ropes around their necks and holding the keys to the town and the caste in their hands—to the king, who ordered their execution thereafter. "The Burghers of Calais" is a portrayal of the moment that the citizens exited Calais. Rodin began working on the monument in 1884, after being commissioned by the town of Calais to create it. However, the piece wasn't unveiled in the town until more than a decade later, in 1895.

After being commissioned to create an entrance piece for a planned museum (which was never built) in 1880, Rodin began working on "The Gates of Hell," an intricate monument of various sculpted figures, including "The Thinker" (1880) and "The Kiss" (1886). Although "The Gates of Hell" was commissioned for completion by 1884, the project proved to be more time-consuming than anyone had originally anticipated; several decades after its projected due date, Rodin was still working on the piece.

Death and Legacy
Sadly, Rodin didn't live to finish "The Gates of Hell"; he was still working on the piece when he died on November 17, 1917, in Meudon, France.

Garnering acclaim for more than a century, Rodin is widely regarded as the pioneer of modern sculpture. His work continues to be studied and deeply admired by fellow artists, experts, scholars and art connoisseurs, as well as those with an untrained eye.

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